Mogadisco: Dancing Mogadishu – Somalia 1972–1991 (Exotica) [Music/Review]

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Year: 2019 (1972-1991)
Genre: Exotica/Funk/Soul/African
Label: Analog Africa
Album Versions: Discogs


After being blown away by a few tunes – probably just as you will be after listening to this – Samy Ben Redjeb travelled to the infamous capital city of Somalia in November of 2016, making Analog Africa the first music label to set foot in Mogadishu. On his arrival in Somalia Samy questioned the need for a vehicle full of armed chaperones casually toting Kalashnikovs, deemed necessary to accompany him to the radio station archive every morning.

He then began diging through piles of cassettes and listening to reel-to-reel tapes in the dusty archives of Radio Mogadishu, looking for music that ‘swam against the current’. The stars were aligned: an uncovered and unmarked pile of discarded recordings was discovered in a cluttered corner of the building. Colonel Abshir – the senior employee and protector of Radio Mogadishu’s archives – clarifed that the pile consisted mostly of music nobody had manage to identify, or music he described as being ‘mainly instrumental and strange music’. At the words ‘strange music’ Samy was hooked, the return flight to Tunisia was cancelled.

The pile turned out to be a cornucopia of different sounds: radio jingles, background music and interludes for radio programmes, television shows and theatre plays. There were also a good number of disco tunes, some had been stripped of their lyrics, the interesting parts had been recorded multiple times then cut, taped together and spliced into a long groovy instrumental loop. Over the next three weeks, often in watermelon-, grapefruit-juice and shisha-fuelled night-time sessions behind the fortifed walls of Radio Mogadishu, Samy and the archive staff put together Mogadisco: Dancing Mogadishu – Somalia 1972–1991.

Like everywhere in Africa during the 1970s, both men and women sported huge afros, bell-bottom trousers and platform shoes. James Brown, Stevie Wonder, Marvin Gaye and The Temptations’ funk were the talk of the town. In 1977, Iftin Band were invited to perform at the Festac festival in Lagos where they represented Somalia at the Second World Black and African Festival of Arts and Culture. Not only did they come back with an award, but they also returned with Afrobeat. While Fela Kuti’s ‘Shakara’ had taken over the continent and was spreading like wildfre throughout Latin America, it was the track ‘Lady’ that would become the hit in Mogadishu. At the same time Bob Marley was busy kick-starting reggae-mania in Somalia, which became such a phenomenon that even the police and military bands began playing it. Some say that it was adopted so quickly because of the strong similarities with the traditional beat from the western region of Somalia, called Dhaanto. But then suddenly the trousers got tighter as the disco tsunami hit the country.

Michael Jackson appeared with a new sound that would revolutionise Somalia’s live music scene. You couldn’t walk the streets of Mogadishu without seeing kids trying to moonwalk. ‘Somalia had several nightclubs and although most use DJs to play records, some hotels like Jubba, Al-Uruba and Al Jazeera showcased live bands such as Iftin and Shareero’ – so ran a quote from a 1981 article about the explosion of Mogadishu’s live music scene. The venues mentioned in that article were the luxury hotels that had been built to cover the growing demands of the tourist industry. The state-of-the-art hotel Al-Uruba, with its oriental ornaments and white plastered walls, was a wonder of modern architecture. All of Mogadishu’s top bands performed there at some point or another, and many of the songs presented in this compilation were created in such venues. Mogadisco was not Analog Africa’s easiest project.

Tracking down the musicians – often in exile in the diaspora – to interview them and gather anecdotes of golden-era Mogadishu has been an undertaking that took three years. Tales of Dur-Dur Band’s kidnapping, movie soundtracks recorded in the basements of hotels, musicians getting electrocuted on stage, others jumping from one band to another under dramatic circumstances, and soul singers competing against each other, are all stories included in the massive booklet that accompanies the compilation – adorned with no less then 50 pictures from the `70s and ‚80s. As Colonel Abshir Hashi Ali, chief don at the Radio Mogadishu archive – someone who once wrestled a bomber wielding an unpinned hand-grenade to the door – put it: ‘I have dedicated my life to this place. I’m doing this so it can get to the next generation; so that the culture, the heritage and the songs of Somalia don’t disappear.’

The Music

As for the music itself, many of the recordings come from analog tapes, so don’t expect crystal-clear, audiophile sound. The lo-fi quality of the tracks, which contain intermittent background hiss and fade in and out, only enhances the pleasure. Sitting in my comfy living room and closing my eyes, it is easy to imagine listening to the songs on the radio – just add African heat and the background din of traffic. I had never heard of any of the artists before, except for Dur-Dur Band after a successful reissue in 2018, overseen by Redjeb. The artists featured on this compilation embrace a wide spectrum of music: JBs-/Meters- inspired funk, space disco, polyrhythmic Afrobeat, ska and reggae (the latter became extremely popular in Somalia due to similarities to their own traditional Dhaanto beat). It’s fascinating how musicians moved between bands over the years, those transfers often changing their fortunes. The playing throughout is stunning, at times electrifying. Listening to the tightness of the band on “Baayo” by Mukhtar Ramadan Idii – and the fantastic groove that is difficult not to get up and dance to – you could imagine them backing Prince in his heyday. The standouts for me are Dur-Dur Band’s “Ladaney” (“Woman’s Name”) for its gorgeous call-and-response chorus, and Bakaka Band’s carnival-tinged, reggae-inspired “Godonimada Jira” (“Chosen Freedom”), which features a fantastic horn riff. Bakaka effectively served as the government band, which meant that they often had to perform at the frontline for troops during the Somali-Ethiopian war, hence the title. I don’t think I would have wanted to fight after hearing “Godonimada Jira” – I would have wanted to dance.

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Check out my playlist on YouTube here down below with
various ”Exotica” tracks. It’s new and a work in progress.