So that time of the year is again upon us, and the english speaking world goes bananas of what to say. Merry Christmas or Happy Holidays. Here in Sweden, where we were Christianized by force in the late 900’s, which is a estimate based on that the Swedish king Olof Skötkonung claiming openly that he was a christian. Although christians forced their teaching upon us and also stole (as with countless other teachings/traditions) the concept of ”christmas” from old pagan celebrations, we have always said God Jul here, which translates to, Have a nice Yule (more about Yule later.)
Although today, the so-called Christmas is presently a time for gifts, celebrations and family gatherings, the truth is that its starting place truely responds to different ancient factors that involve the effective Roman Empire , pagan rites and feature little to do with the historical event they commemorate: The birth of Jesus.
We all realize that on December 25 the delivery of Jesus of Nazareth is commemorated, however the truth is that the precise date of this ancient event is unknown. The evaluation of sure fragments of the gospels, as well as different documents of that point, have allowed historians to make different hypotheses about the birth of Jesus Christ. Some communicate of April or May, whilst others finish that it turned into in September or October.
THE PAGAN ORIGIN OF CHRISTMAS
Although we typically companion the origin of Christmas with Christian myths and Catholicism, since it represents the birth of the kid Jesus; Actually, this is a mistake, at the least as we’ve Christmas general nowadays.
Precisely, due to this doubt between pagan Christmas and Christian Christmas, there was a case in 1990 in which the college board of Solon (Ohio) determined to dispose of all representations of Christmas in any faculty placing, because it become a practice in opposition to of the secular kingdom of the city, this is, it did now not recognize the separation among Church and State. Likewise, the board lost the case due to the fact the households hostile that their kids could not celebrate Christmas at faculty, defending that the practice of Christmas changed into a secular act and became part of all of the cultures of the world . Although the board misplaced the case, they did manage to remove the prayers and studying of the bible, related to the celebration of Christmas.
Yule or Yuletide (“Yule time” or “Yule season”) is a festival historically observed by the Germanic peoples. Scholars have connected the original celebrations of Yule to the Wild Hunt, the Norse god Odin, and the pagan Anglo-Saxon Mōdraniht.
Later departing from its pagan roots, Yule underwent Christianised reformulation, resulting in the term Christmastide. Many present-day Christmas customs and traditions such as the Yule log, Yule goat, Yule boar, Yule singing, and others stem from pagan Yule traditions. Terms with an etymological equivalent to Yule are still used in Nordic countries and Estonia to describe Christmas and other festivals occurring during the winter holiday season.
Yule is the modern version of the Old English words ġēol or ġēohol and ġēola or ġēoli, with the former indicating the 12-day festival of “Yule” (later: “Christmastide”) and the latter indicating the month of “Yule”, whereby ǣrra ġēola referred to the period before the Yule festival (December) and æftera ġēola referred to the period after Yule (January). Both words are thought to be derived from Common Germanic *jeχʷla-, and are cognate with Gothic 𐌾𐌹𐌿𐌻𐌴𐌹𐍃 (jiuleis); Old Norse, Icelandic, Faroese and Norwegian Nynorsk jól, jol, ýlir; Danish, Swedish, and Norwegian Bokmål jul. The etymological pedigree of the word, however, remains uncertain, though numerous speculative attempts have been made to find Indo-European cognates outside the Germanic group, too. The noun Yuletide is first attested from around 1475.
The word is conjectured in an explicitly pre-Christian context primarily in Old Norse. Among many others, the long-bearded god Odin bears the names jólfaðr (Old Norse for ‘Yule father’) and jólnir (‘the Yule one’). In Ágrip af Nóregskonungasögum, written in the 12th century, it is explicitly stated that Christmas, iol, comes from a name of Odin, iolne. In plural (Old Norse jólnar, ‘the Yule ones’) may refer to the Norse gods in general. In Old Norse poetry, the word is often employed as a synonym for ‘feast’, such as in the kenning hugins jól (Old Norse ‘Huginn’s Yule’ → ‘a raven’s feast’).
It has been thought that Old French jolif (→ French joli), which was borrowed into English in the 14th century as ‘jolly’, is itself borrowed from Old Norse jól (with the Old French suffix -if; compare Old French aisif “easy”, Modern French festif = fest “feast” + -if). But the Oxford English Dictionary sees this explanation for jolif as unlikely. The French word is first attested in the Anglo-Norman Estoire des Engleis, or “History of the English People”, written by Geoffrey Gaimar between 1136 and 1140.
CHRISTMAS AND SATURN
The origin of Christmas isn’t always Christian in any respect. As you read at the beginning of this article, the origin of Christmas is pagan. The first time we are able to pay attention about Christmas celebrated on December 25 (as we comprehend it nowadays) got here nearly two centuries after the delivery of Christ so, even after the birth of the child Jesus, Christmas become nonetheless celebrated in across the figure of Saturn that the Romans implanted.
The Romans celebrated Roman Saturnalia which become not anything extra than a festival that represented the winter solstice and commemorated the god Saturn. During this celebration, the Romans have been uproar and consequently, the few Christians that existed at that point, opposed those out of control celebrations. In this way it is stated that Christmas arose to replace the celebration of Saturn, king of the Sun, which in English is “sun”, so it became taken because the delivery of the son of God, which in English is “are.” Later, while the Christian faith prevailed for the duration of the Roman Empire, King Justiniano declared Christmas as a civic holiday, despite the fact that this composure did not final lengthy, due to the fact inside the Middle Ages the Christmas vacations became days to drink and have a celebration From morning to night.
In reality, if we study historical customs, it is able to seem very rare to celebrate the birth of someone in view that inside the first centuries of the Christian Church, it used to have fun the death of people who have been important and now not their births.
We also have to have a look at the subsequent quotation to recognise that, in truth, this holiday isn’t always regular inside the Bible.
For in useless they honor me, coaching as doctrines, commandments of men ”(Matt. 15: 9). Christmas isn’t always a commandment of God – it is a way of life of men. Christ persevered: “Well you invalidate God’s command to preserve your way of life. (Mark 7: 9) THE PAGAN ORIGIN OF Saturnalia become celebrated whilst the sun become decrease inside the sky and, consequently, the days became longer. That symbolized boom. During this time Saturn, god of the Sun and hearth, was honored. It changed into also associated with agriculture, as it needed the sun to sow and grow vegetation. The winter festival known as this god of the Sun to come back returned and the crops would keep growing.
The planet Saturn also takes the call of this God, because its rings and the pink coloration marked this affiliation.
In the rest of civilizations and cultures, this god of fire and solar also existed. In Egypt they called him Vulcan, the Greeks called him Cronos, the Babylonians Tammuz (or Nimrod when he is resurrected in his son) and Moloc or Baal for the Druids. For them, these types of gods had been Nimrod, taken into consideration the father of the Babylonian gods.
Saturn was also taken into consideration a baby-eater due to the fact, being the father of the gods, he need to have an impeccable individual. Carrying the call of Cronos, it tells the story that gobbled their youngsters as they were born.
If you are thinking why they taken into consideration it important to sacrifice the kids to worship this god, it’s miles absolutely because they believed the hearth as some thing divine that cleansed the sins and defects that were handed from technology to era, in order that Children needed to burn them to eliminate these genetics.
Although in the current age we talk to Santa Claus by means of Saint Nicholas, at an in advance age, Santa was the name of the god Nimrod in Asia minor. If we think about it a bit, we will see that the Christmas center, in all its tiers, has continually been starred by way of youngsters. During Roman instances, presents have been given to children and bad; and the druids sacrificed the children for the god they worshiped on those dates. In the same manner, Nimrod or the ultimate Holy, owed the children and, today, he gives them presents.
Likewise, we should additionally analyze the discern of St. Nicholas, who comes from a character called “the cheerful Nick” or “the vintage Nick.” If we awareness on his call, Nick affords Nikos because of this “builder and destroyer,” at the same time as “Laos” approach metropolis. The Nicolaitans (fans of St. Nicholas) are then defined as “the individuals who observe the destroyer”, which is again Nimrod.
THE CHRISTMAS GIFTS
The starting place of this Christmas custom dates returned to the Romans while, in Saturnalia, they also exchanged items with every other. And as you already assumed, no, this isn’t always a subculture related to Christianity. Obviously, at some point of these dates, we do not make offerings to God, but we cause them to to ourselves in the form of items, completely forgetting the discern of Christ. In fact, in step with the Bible, the birthday need to no longer be celebrated either, due to the fact they are being, in the identical manner, selfish with God who gave birth to the individual.
As the bible shows, on the time that the Magi offer presents to the child Jesus, it really need to be Christmas: dates to make offerings to Christ.
When Jesus become born in Bethlehem of Judea within the days of King Herod, magicians got here from the east to Jerusalem, pronouncing: Where is the king of the Jews, who became born? … And after they entered the residence, they noticed the kid together with his mother Mary, and prostrating herself, worshiped him; beginning their treasures, they presented him offers: gold, frankincense and myrrh. (Matthew 2: 1-eleven) Christmas-history-and-origin-items-children
In this way, we realize that the customs and celebrations that we perform at Christmas, have nothing to do with a Christian beginning and, consequently, isn’t a Christian celebrity, simply as it happens with its real starting place.
THE BIRTH OF JESUS
As we are able to study in the scriptures, via the descriptions they supply us of that day, it is not feasible for Christ to be born on December 25. The reason explained is that the Jews despatched their sheep to the deserts near Easter and that they returned while the first rains arrived, which started in the course of the fall. When Jesus become born, the sheep grazed exterior, in order that October had no longer yet arrived, so it is hard to healthy the beginning of Jesus on December 25 and this has needed to be in late September or early October.
The scriptures that explain the beginning of Jesus are gathered in Luke and consequently it’s miles said:
In the equal place there have been shepherds who had been inside the discipline, taking care of their flocks in the course of the night time vigils (Luke 2: eight)
But then, why do we associate December 25 with Christmas?
During Roman times, Saturnalia turned into celebrated and anybody exchanged gifts with each other. For this way of life, the start of Mitra, the Iranian god of Justice, become celebrated on December 25. Also on January 1, they celebrated the new yr by way of decorating their homes with lighting fixtures and giving items to the bad and children. By then they had obtained different Germanic and Celtic customs together with the Christmas tree, fir bushes and food. These customs have been also the ones of the Christmas Festival.
On December 25 he turned into no longer selected for Christmas because it turned into the start of Christ, but it became the quality way to replace Saturnalia, a pagan birthday celebration that, while the ecclesiastical global prevailed, should be completely exterminated.
WHY IS IT CELEBRATED ON DECEMBER 25?
The maximum regular clarification of historians is that the starting place of Christmas changed into related to a chain of decisions made by means of the excessive command of the Christian church within the 1/3 and fourth centuries. Among them, it’s miles considered as the maximum decisive, the motion of Pope Julius I in 350 to establish Christmas on December 25. This changed into decreed four years later via Pope Liberio.
The reason for selecting this date pertains to the want for the lately respectable Christian religion to impose itself on conventional Roman pagan cults. In December, the cult of Saturn, god of agriculture (primary livelihood and monetary interest of those peoples) was celebrated in the extraordinary area occupied by way of the Roman Empire. The Saturnals have been held from December 17 to 23, the shortest days of the 12 months, after which on December 25 it turned into considered the beginning of the brand new solar.
The Christian church then selected December 25 because the day of the delivery of Jesus as a method in its enlargement process, wherein it systematically sought to absorb and merge its celebrations with the pagan rites of the numerous transformed peoples.
The Christmas ritual become evolving with the centuries, what we have a good time today may be very distant from those first Christmas, and responds especially to customs originating inside the nineteenth century and to the impact of the consumer society.
Text by me, wikipedia and christmas history sites.